Even if you do not put yourself in risky situations, even everyday activities can go wrong and cause a minor injury. Imagine walking down the street and stepping into a hole. You may easily twist your ankle and cause it to ache. Together with pain, swelling comes as a natural response to injury. In case the injury is not severe, you can easily treat it at home and reduce the swelling and pain.
What to do immediately after the injury?
The first thing you will experience after the injury is pain. Shortly after that, swelling is almost certain to come as a reaction to the injury. When this happens, you must remember the essential steps to take as soon as you can. First, make sure to rest and not force the injured area to move. It is best to raise the injured place above the heart level, because it helps reduce the swelling.
Keeping the injured area cold is also essential in the first hours after the injury. It reduces the blood flow to the injured part of the body. By doing this, it reduces swelling, but it can also decrease it in case it has already occurred.
Compressing the injury is another important step to take immediately after it occurs. Use an elastic bandage and wrap it firmly around the injured part of the body. This has several functions – it reduces the swelling and even relieves pain. It immobilizes the injured body part, and what’s more – it also serves as a reminder for you to stay still and not to move the injured area.
There are many creams and ointments that can help reduce swelling. Most of them contain natural ingredients, such as camphor, mint or eucalyptus oil. They usually cause cooling sensation on the skin. This is both helpful in reducing the swelling, but also in distracting the brain from the pain.
Unlike ice and elastic bandage, you should not use anti-swelling creams immediately after the injury. They are usually advised after a few days, when the injury is less painful, but you still have some lingering pain. These creams help reduce the pain, ease the discomfort and help you return to your daily activities faster. You can find most anti-swelling creams as over-the-counter medicine. In case your injury is making a progress, these creams will help you heal even faster and ease any residual swelling and pain.