Acne is often connected with teenagers and young adults. However, it may occur at different ages and for different reasons. Before choosing the best acne treatment, it is important to understand their type and the cause. Only this way the treatment can be successful.

When to use topical creams?

Acne is not simply a change on the skin’s surface. It is a complex set of changes, caused by a combination of different factors. Therefore, you need to know when you can get rid of it by using topical creams alone, and when you need to include other types of treatment as well.

Before choosing a topical cream, it is important to consult a dermatologist. He or she will determine the type of acne and its possible cause. Then, you can get a prescription for a topical cream, or perhaps some additional treatment such as oral antibiotics.

Benzoyl peroxide creams

Topical creams with benzoyl peroxide are a very common acne treatment. Many brands use this ingredient, and you can find creams with different strength – from 2.5% to 10% benzoyl peroxide. It has three main functions – it destroys bacteria, consequently reduces inflammation, and it unclogs the pores.

You can find benzoyl peroxide creams in pharmacies, and you do not need a prescription. Still, it is good to consult your dermatologist before you make a decision.

Retinoid creams

Retinoid creams are often prescribed as acne treatment. Unlike benzoyl peroxide creams, you need to have a prescription for buying a retinoid topical cream.

Retinoid creams work great for unclogging the pores. Therefore, they are often used to treat early acne, blackheads, whiteheads and mild inflammation. In case you have severe acne, retinoid cream may not be completely efficient.

Topical antibiotics

Topical creamsTopical antibiotics come in various preparations and strengths. They have two basic functions when it comes to treating acne, just like when treating any other disease – they kill bacteria and reduce inflammation. However, they are not very good at unclogging pores. This is why they are often combined with other preparations for treating blackheads and whiteheads. Remember that you can only use them for limited time. The bacteria tend to get used to the antibiotics, which makes the treatment less effective.

Azelaic acid

Topical creams with azelaic acids work by unclogging the pores. Therefore, they are mainly used for dealing with blackheads and whiteheads. They are not so good in reducing inflammation and killing bacteria – which is why you can combine them with antibiotics or benzoyl peroxide creams.