Topical Cream For Acne

How To Choose Topical Cream For Acne

Acne is often connected with teenagers and young adults. However, it may occur at different ages and for different reasons. Before choosing the best acne treatment, it is important to understand their type and the cause. Only this way the treatment can be successful.

When to use topical creams?

Acne is not simply a change on the skin’s surface. It is a complex set of changes, caused by a combination of different factors. Therefore, you need to know when you can get rid of it by using topical creams alone, and when you need to include other types of treatment as well.

Before choosing a topical cream, it is important to consult a dermatologist. He or she will determine the type of acne and its possible cause. Then, you can get a prescription for a topical cream, or perhaps some additional treatment such as oral antibiotics.

Benzoyl peroxide creams

Topical creams with benzoyl peroxide are a very common acne treatment. Many brands use this ingredient, and you can find creams with different strength – from 2.5% to 10% benzoyl peroxide. It has three main functions – it destroys bacteria, consequently reduces inflammation, and it unclogs the pores. You can find benzoyl peroxide creams in pharmacies, and you do not need a prescription. Still, it is good to consult your dermatologist before you make a decision.

Retinoid creams

Retinoid creams are often prescribed as acne treatment. Unlike benzoyl peroxide creams, you need to have a prescription for buying a retinoid topical cream.

Retinoid creams work great for unclogging the pores. Therefore, they are often used to treat early acne, blackheads, whiteheads and mild inflammation. In case you have severe acne, retinoid cream may not be completely efficient.

Topical antibiotics

Topical creamsTopical antibiotics come in various preparations and strengths. They have two basic functions when it comes to treating acne, just like when treating any other disease – they kill bacteria and reduce inflammation. However, they are not very good at unclogging pores. This is why they are often combined with other preparations for treating blackheads and whiteheads. Remember that you can only use them for limited time. The bacteria tend to get used to the antibiotics, which makes the treatment less effective.

Azelaic acid

Topical creams with azelaic acids work by unclogging the pores. Therefore, they are mainly used for dealing with blackheads and whiteheads. They are not so good in reducing inflammation and killing bacteria – which is why you can combine them with antibiotics or benzoyl peroxide creams.

Treating Acne

Causes Of Acne And How To Treat Them

In the past, people believed that acne only appear in teenagers and that they are caused by lack of hygiene. But today we know that there are plenty of reasons for acne to occur, and that they can hit different generations. In case you have acne, it is important to understand what causes them, so you can determine the appropriate treatment.

What causes acne?

The belief that lack of hygiene causes acne is long behind us. As a matter of fact, you can even do worse in acne treatment if you wash your skin excessively. What causes acneAcne can appear for many reasons, and among the most common ones are: change in hormone levels, heavy sweating and using certain medications.

Hormonal changes occur in puberty, which is when most people start having problems with acne. For women, these changes occur around monthly period, or as a consequence of using progesterone-only contraceptive pills. When it comes to sweating, it is common for acne to appear if you generally sweat a lot. Also, it is more common under tight pieces of clothing such as headbands, collars and so on. Medications such as steroid creams and phenytoin are also common causes of acne. Some bodybuilders take anabolic steroids (although they are illegal), and they can also be a cause of acne.

Treating acne with topical creams

Topical creams exist in various preparations and combinations. They can be very efficient in treating acne, from mild to moderate severity. Some topical creams are even efficient in treating severe acne.

They mainly consist of benzoyl peroxide, retinoids, antibiotics or azelaic acid. There are creams with only one of these ingredients, but you can also find combinations, such as benzoyl peroxide or retinoid with antibiotic. The combined creams tend to work better for severe acne, because they deal with all the symptoms – inflammation, bacteria and clogged pores.

Treating acne with topical creamsTreating acne with pills

Some cases of acne require treatment with pills. These are mainly severe cases, when topical cream cannot help on its own. In such cases, usually antibiotic pills are prescribed for acne treatment. Women can get combined contraceptive pills for acne treatment in case the cause of acne is hormonal. In both cases, the pills are not very effective in unclogging the pores. Therefore, the therapy can be combined with topical creams that help you get rid of blackheads and whiteheads along with redness and inflammation.