Even if you do not put yourself in risky situations, even everyday activities can go wrong and cause a minor injury. Imagine walking down the street and stepping into a hole. You may easily twist your ankle and cause it to ache. Together with pain, swelling comes as a natural response to injury. In case the injury is not severe, you can easily treat it at home and reduce the swelling and pain.
What to do immediately after the injury?
The first thing you will experience after the injury is pain. Shortly after that, swelling is almost certain to come as a reaction to the injury. When this happens, you must remember the essential steps to take as soon as you can. First, make sure to rest and not force the injured area to move. It is best to raise the injured place above the heart level, because it helps reduce the swelling.
Keeping the injured area cold is also essential in the first hours after the injury. It reduces the blood flow to the injured part of the body. By doing this, it reduces swelling, but it can also decrease it in case it has already occurred.
Compressing the injury is another important step to take immediately after it occurs. Use an elastic bandage and wrap it firmly around the injured part of the body. This has several functions – it reduces the swelling and even relieves pain. It immobilizes the injured body part, and what’s more – it also serves as a reminder for you to stay still and not to move the injured area.
There are many creams and ointments that can help reduce swelling. Most of them contain natural ingredients, such as camphor, mint or eucalyptus oil. They usually cause cooling sensation on the skin. This is both helpful in reducing the swelling, but also in distracting the brain from the pain.
Unlike ice and elastic bandage, you should not use anti-swelling creams immediately after the injury. They are usually advised after a few days, when the injury is less painful, but you still have some lingering pain. These creams help reduce the pain, ease the discomfort and help you return to your daily activities faster. You can find most anti-swelling creams as over-the-counter medicine. In case your injury is making a progress, these creams will help you heal even faster and ease any residual swelling and pain.
Psoriasis is definitely one of the most persistent and irritating skin conditions. It usually occurs on the skin of knees, elbows and scalp, but it is not rare that it appears on other parts of the body as well. Although this condition is persistent, the good news is that it is not untreatable. In addition to the therapy, you need to take care of your skin to achieve full efficiency.
Vitamin D3 in psoriasis treatment
According to the researches, vitamin D is very helpful in treating psoriasis. It is naturally produced in our body when we expose the skin to the sunrays. It does not only affect the health of the skin, but has a variety of other benefits for the organism, such as calcium absorption in the bones.
Since vitamin D is produced during exposure to UV rays, the UBV therapy is one of the methods for treating psoriasis. It exposes the skin to the UV rays, but in controlled conditions and without the risk of skin cancer or burning the skin.
Vitamin D supplements, topical creams and foods can also be very beneficial for the skin and help in psoriasis treatment. In some cases, they may be enough even without the light therapy. In addition, you should nurture your skin and give it proper care, so you can be sure that the symptoms will not return.
Vitamin D creams
If you are diagnosed with psoriasis, vitamin D topical creams can be a great solution for you. Depending on the type and progress of the condition, the cream may be enough for you to get rid of the symptoms.
Keep in mind that most vitamin D topical creams are only available with prescription. Therefore, consult your doctor and get a prescription before you buy the cream. Always use it according to the doctor’s recommendations, be patient and persistent. Use the cream on clean and dry skin, and always cover up if you are going out – because the creams make your skin sensitive to the sun.
I addition to vitamin D treatment, it is important to keep your skin nourished and moisturized. Do not use the vitamin D cream as moisturizer, but buy a cream or lotion that will give extra care to your skin. Make sure that it is suitable for sensitive skin, with no added perfumes and preservatives.
Arthritis is a condition that can significantly affect your daily life. The pain and stiffness of joints are not only unpleasant and annoying, but it also prevents you from doing your everyday activities. Depending on the type of arthritis, the treatments are different. However, people with any type of arthritis can benefit from topical creams.
How arthritis creams work?
Topical creams for arthritis are applied onto the skin and absorbed through it. They contain a mixture of ingredients that relieve pain and swelling. Although they are not the only part of the therapy, they are important since they can relieve the symptoms and make your daily life much more comfortable.
Most topical arthritis creams contain salicylates, counterirritants and capsaicin. These ingredients serve to relieve the pain from the joints. Also, they reduce the swelling and irritation, so they make the movement easier and more pleasant.
Some brands of topical creams contain natural ingredients such as essential oils of cinnamon, eucalyptus, mint or camphor. They can be used in combination with pain relieving ingredients and cool or heat the skin in addition to relieving pain and swelling. Some creams contain only these natural ingredients, and their purpose is to distract the brain from the pain by cooling or heating the surface of the skin.
How to properly apply arthritis creams
Generally, arthritis creams work best on the joints that are the closest to the skin surface. Therefore, knees, hands and ankles are the most likely to benefit from arthritis creams.
Before you buy the cream, it is important to check the ingredients, in case you are allergic to any of them. Also, you can choose between a variety of types, so it is best to consult your doctor and see what he or she recommends for your arthritis type. When you apply the cream, you need to apply it on clean and dry skin. Make sure that you do not apply it onto damaged skin, because it may cause irritations. Always apply the cream according to the instructions, in order to achieve the best results.
Even though eczema is not life threatening, it is a very irritating skin condition. The rash, flares and itch can affect your daily life and activities. What’s more, you may feel insecure about yourself. The itch can make you feel anxious and lose concentration. This is why it is important to treat eczema, although it is not dangerous for your general health.
What are the goals of the skin treatment?
There are several different ways to treat eczema. However, applying creams directly on skin is the most common one. Most topical creams contain corticosteroids of different types and strengths. Some creams are over-the-counter medicine, while for others you will need a medical prescription. The main goal of these creams is controlling the itch and preventing flares and infection.
In addition to steroids, you should also use moisturizing creams. It is important that they are suitable for sensitive and eczema-prone skin. This means fragrance-free creams with higher percentage of moisture. Moisturizers help heal and repair the skin, which is why they are useful in eczema therapy.
Topical steroid creams contain corticosteroids – and they have been used in medicine for over 50 years. The practice has shown that they are the most effective way of dealing with eczema. If they are used properly, you can heal the eczema and fully repair the skin and restore its health.
Although you can buy some topical corticosteroids without prescription, it is still recommended to consult your doctor. Also, you need to pay attention to use the cream properly. Apply it only to the areas of the skin affected with eczema. Do not use it as moisturizer, but do apply moisturizer on top of it. Also, keep in mind that the cream is the most effective within three minutes after taking a shower.
Moisturizers alone are not enough to treat eczema. However, they are an important part of the healing process. If you use moisturizer regularly, you can help the skin regain its moisture, elasticity and health.
Doctors advise to use moisturizer alongside with corticosteroid cream. When the rash and inflammation are under control, you should stop using topical steroid cream – but go on using a moisturizer regularly. This way you will not only restore the beauty and health of your skin – but you will also prevent future flares from appearing.
Swelling may appear in many situations and for many reasons. It follows injuries, inflammations, insect bites and post-operative wounds. In women, hormonal changes before the period can also cause some swelling of joints, belly or breasts. Sometimes, the swelling is the result of a serious condition, which is when you need to seek medical help. I other cases, you can easily get rid of swelling at home.
Which types of swelling you can heal on your own?
In case you’ve had a surgery or an injury, some swelling can occur. It is normal to some extent, and your doctor will warn you about the signs when you need to seek help. On the other hand, some swelling is normal in case of insect bites, after visiting a dentist, in case of a minor injury and so on. In these cases, you can heal the swelling without seeing a doctor.
How to prevent swelling
Some sorts of swelling can be prevented rather than cured. If you spend long periods of time sitting down, you may experience some swelling of ankles. Also, pre-menstrual swelling is not uncommon in women, and it hits different parts of the body. In these cases, you can prevent the swelling in a couple of ways.
There are exercises that improve your circulation. They prevent swelling and reduce it if it has already occurred. Also, adapting your diet can help you reduce the swelling. Low-sodium diet prevents your body from retaining water, and therefore prevents the swelling.
Topical creams for swelling
There are many topical creams that help reduce swelling. They contain natural ingredients such as mint or camphor oil. They cause the cooling sensation on your skin and thus help the swelling reduce. Some creams can contain capsaicin or other ingredients that cause quite the opposite – the heating sensation. These creams improve your blood circulation, which is another way of reducing the swelling. Depending on the cause of swelling, you may choose the type of the cream.
In case swelling occurs, you can take different steps. First and foremost, if you notice that a certain activity causes swelling, make sure to stop doing it. It is also important to keep the swollen area cool, because the cold reduces the swelling. Rest the swollen area and keep it above the level of your heart. For example, if your ankles are swollen, lie down and lift your legs on pillows or lean them against the wall.
Psoriasis is a rather unpleasant and annoying skin condition. It is itchy, painful and irritating, and it also may leave scars if it is not treated. A revolution in psoriasis treatment came with vitamin D3. Scientists are still confirming its efficiency, but for now it seems to be giving positive results.
How it works
UBV light therapy is the most common treatment of psoriasis. Vitamin D is produced when the skin is exposed to UV rays, which means that sunbathing helps produce it. However, exposure to the sunrays may lead to skin damage, burning and cancer. In the therapy, this exposure is strictly controlled, so there are no such risks.
As vitamin D is proven to be beneficial for the skin and its regeneration, there are other ways to help your body produce it and heal psoriasis. You can boost your therapy by taking vitamin D supplements, using topical creams and adapting your diet.
There are plenty of oral supplements available as over-the-counter products. Since vitamin D is fat-soluble in, most of the supplements are oil-based. Since there are very few foods containing this vitamin, it may be a good idea to take it as a supplement, especially if you do not undergo UBV therapy. Make sure to take it as prescribed, and consult your doctor if you are taking other psoriasis treatments.
Topical creams with vitamin D are a relatively new, but quite efficient method for fighting psoriasis. They are only available with prescription. If your doctor considers it is a therapy for you, you will get a prescription and you can use the cream.
You should apply a thin layer of the cream one to three times a day, depending on the doctor’s recommendation. The side-effects are rare and mild, but in some cases there can be some itching or burning. These creams make your skin more sensitive to the sunrays, so do not expose your skin to the sun after applying the cream.
Food rich in vitamin D
Unfortunately, few foods contain vitamin D in its natural form. Still, there are ways to enrich your nutrition with natural vitamin D. Fatty fish like tuna and salmon are among the best sources of natural vitamin D. Cheese, egg yolks and beef liver also have it in smaller amounts. Include these ingredients in your diet, and you will have the additional boost of vitamin D in your body.
Acne is often connected with teenagers and young adults. However, it may occur at different ages and for different reasons. Before choosing the best acne treatment, it is important to understand their type and the cause. Only this way the treatment can be successful.
When to use topical creams?
Acne is not simply a change on the skin’s surface. It is a complex set of changes, caused by a combination of different factors. Therefore, you need to know when you can get rid of it by using topical creams alone, and when you need to include other types of treatment as well.
Before choosing a topical cream, it is important to consult a dermatologist. He or she will determine the type of acne and its possible cause. Then, you can get a prescription for a topical cream, or perhaps some additional treatment such as oral antibiotics.
Benzoyl peroxide creams
Topical creams with benzoyl peroxide are a very common acne treatment. Many brands use this ingredient, and you can find creams with different strength – from 2.5% to 10% benzoyl peroxide. It has three main functions – it destroys bacteria, consequently reduces inflammation, and it unclogs the pores.
You can find benzoyl peroxide creams in pharmacies, and you do not need a prescription. Still, it is good to consult your dermatologist before you make a decision.
Retinoid creams are often prescribed as acne treatment. Unlike benzoyl peroxide creams, you need to have a prescription for buying a retinoid topical cream.
Retinoid creams work great for unclogging the pores. Therefore, they are often used to treat early acne, blackheads, whiteheads and mild inflammation. In case you have severe acne, retinoid cream may not be completely efficient.
Topical antibiotics come in various preparations and strengths. They have two basic functions when it comes to treating acne, just like when treating any other disease – they kill bacteria and reduce inflammation. However, they are not very good at unclogging pores. This is why they are often combined with other preparations for treating blackheads and whiteheads. Remember that you can only use them for limited time. The bacteria tend to get used to the antibiotics, which makes the treatment less effective.
Topical creams with azelaic acids work by unclogging the pores. Therefore, they are mainly used for dealing with blackheads and whiteheads. They are not so good in reducing inflammation and killing bacteria – which is why you can combine them with antibiotics or benzoyl peroxide creams.
The market offers a large choice of topical creams, ointments and gels for arthritis. While they are not the only part of the therapy, they can help immensely. They relieve pain, reduce the swelling and make your daily life a whole lot easier. Since the choice is big, you may not be sure which cream would work best for you. We will tell you a bit about arthritis creams and help you choose the type which will work for you.
Ingredients of arthritis creams
There are several types of arthritis creams. Used on their own or in combination, they all have the same purpose – to reduce swelling and relieve pain in the joints. In case you suffer from mild to moderate arthritis pains, these creams may be the only solution you need.
Some commonly used creams contain counterirritants. These are the ingredients such as capsaicin; or menthol, eucalyptus, camphor or cinnamon oil. Their main purpose is to relieve the pain by heating or cooling the skin when you apply them. The trick is to shift the focus of the brain away from the pain, and thus bring relief. Most of these creams are available over the counter, without the prescription.
Many arthritis creams contain salicylates, which are similar to aspirin. They are efficient if you want to avoid the side effects of taking aspirin orally, but they may not work for everyone.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen or naproxen are also sometimes used in arthritis creams. They are less damaging to the overall health than if you take them orally. Although there are still not many topical creams with these ingredients, there are several types you can buy with a prescription in the US.
How to choose?
If you are diagnosed with arthritis, your doctor will advise you which type of topical cream may work best for you. There are different types of the condition, so not every may benefit from the same cream type. However, you can generally buy over-the-counter creams with counterirritants. These ingredients are natural and they are not likely to cause you any harm.
If you have dermatitis, then you know how irritating this condition is. The itch, the rash and the blisters simply do not allow you to feel comfortable. Rough skin, redness and flares cause self-consciousness and make you feel unpleasant. The good news is that this condition is treatable, and that you can also take steps to prevent it from appearing once you get rid of it.
First of all, it is important to know that moisturizer alone is not enough to treat eczema. The main and the most efficient therapy is corticosteroid cream. It comes in a variety of types and with different strengths. Depending on the strength, you can buy the cream with or without the prescription.
These creams help you put rash and redness under control, heal the infection and thus reduce the itch. But, even though steroid topical creams are efficient, complete eczema treatment simply cannot be efficient without moisturizers. They help your skin regain its health and its natural glow and moisture. Even when you are done using the steroids, you should go on using the moisturizer. This way your skin will stay healthy and eczema is less likely to appear again.
How to use moisturizer to increase efficiency
There are different types of moisturizes, so it may not be easy to choose the right one. The amount of oil and water determines the class of moisturizer, so you can choose between ointments, creams and lotions. The general rule is: the more oil there is in a moisturizer, the better it is for treating eczema. Following this logic, ointments are the first choice for treating eczema. They have the highest percentage of oil and they are great at sealing in the moisture. Creams are lighter and contain more water than oil. Lotions are the lightest, they contain mainly of water, so they evaporate quickly.
When you choose the moisturizer, it is essential to check the labels. The price does not play the part, but the ingredients do. Moisturizers for eczema-prone skin must not contain perfumes, preservatives and stabilizers, because they can be harmful for the skin instead of healing it.
The best time to apply moisturizer is immediately after taking a shower or a bath. This way you will lock in the highest percentage of moisture in your skin. Make sure to always have a tube of moisturizer on you, so you can reapply it after washing your hands, wherever you are.
In the past, people believed that acne only appear in teenagers and that they are caused by lack of hygiene. But today we know that there are plenty of reasons for acne to occur, and that they can hit different generations. In case you have acne, it is important to understand what causes them, so you can determine the appropriate treatment.
What causes acne?
The belief that lack of hygiene causes acne is long behind us. As a matter of fact, you can even do worse in acne treatment if you wash your skin excessively. Acne can appear for many reasons, and among the most common ones are: change in hormone levels, heavy sweating and using certain medications.
Hormonal changes occur in puberty, which is when most people start having problems with acne. For women, these changes occur around monthly period, or as a consequence of using progesterone-only contraceptive pills. When it comes to sweating, it is common for acne to appear if you generally sweat a lot. Also, it is more common under tight pieces of clothing such as headbands, collars and so on. Medications such as steroid creams and phenytoin are also common causes of acne. Some bodybuilders take anabolic steroids (although they are illegal), and they can also be a cause of acne.
Treating acne with topical creams
Topical creams exist in various preparations and combinations. They can be very efficient in treating acne, from mild to moderate severity. Some topical creams are even efficient in treating severe acne.
They mainly consist of benzoyl peroxide, retinoids, antibiotics or azelaic acid. There are creams with only one of these ingredients, but you can also find combinations, such as benzoyl peroxide or retinoid with antibiotic. The combined creams tend to work better for severe acne, because they deal with all the symptoms – inflammation, bacteria and clogged pores.
Treating acne with pills
Some cases of acne require treatment with pills. These are mainly severe cases, when topical cream cannot help on its own. In such cases, usually antibiotic pills are prescribed for acne treatment. Women can get combined contraceptive pills for acne treatment in case the cause of acne is hormonal. In both cases, the pills are not very effective in unclogging the pores. Therefore, the therapy can be combined with topical creams that help you get rid of blackheads and whiteheads along with redness and inflammation.